Planning, temporary urbanism and citizen-led alternative-substitute place-making in the Global South
, Hakeem Bakare
, John Bryson
, Winnie Khaemba
, George Mwaniki
This paper argues that planning in the Global South needs to be embedded within a more complex and systemic framework based on understanding cities' functions and transformations, at both local and regional levels, whilst advocating for and incorporating informal and temporary dynamics. This is to differentiate between two competing processes: formal planning and citizen-led place-making, here considered as a form of reactive alternative-substitute place-making that occurs when there is no available alternative. The paper calls for a better integration of such impermanent, adaptable, temporary and alternative forms of place-making into the planning process for regional futures.
urban and regional planning
alternative-substitute place making