Networks and labor market entry : a historical perspective

Networks and labor market entry : a historical perspective

Publication Type:
article-journal
Date Issued:
2017
Authors:
Peter HÃ¥kansson , Caroline Tovatt
Publisher:
Routledge.
Language:
eng
Page:
67-90
DOI:
10.1080/0023656X.2017.1250204
Abstract:

This paper discusses how recruitment practices have changed over time. Networks and contacts are more important today for labor market entry than was the case in the latter half of the twentieth century. There may be two explanations for this: the short-run explanation and the long-run explanation. The short-run explanation derives from fluctuations in unemployment. When unemployment is high, competition for every vacancy is tougher and networks become more important for the job seeker. This has been the case in Sweden since 1991, when unemployment increased to new levels not experienced since the 1930s. In the long run, there has been a change in recruitment practices due to institutional change. A clear pattern is that the importance of social networks has increased, while the significance of public institutions (i.e. the Public Employment Service) has decreased.

Keywords:
institutional change labor market entry Public Employment Service recruitment practices social capital